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    .htaccess

    Стандартные конфигурации HTTP-сервера Apache .htaccess — это конфигурационный файл веб-сервера Apache, позволяющий управлять работой веб-сервера и настройками сайта с помощью различных параметров (директив) без изменения основного конфигурационного файла веб-сервера. Директивы файла .htaccess действуют для каталога, в котором размещён такой файл, и для всех его подкаталогов. Если вы желаете с помощью .htaccess изменить настройки для сайта в целом, его следует размещать в корневом каталоге сайта ~/ваш_домен/docs. Будьте внимательны при редактировании файла .htaccess! так как при сохранении такого файла в кодировке UTF-8 в нём не должно присутствовать BOM-сигнатуры. Для редактирования файла .htaccess и других конфигурационных файлов рекомендуем использовать не специальные текстовые редакторы, к примеру Notepad++. # ###################################################################### # # CROSS-ORIGIN # # ###################################################################### # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Cross-origin requests | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Allow cross-origin requests. # # https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Access_control_CORS # http://enable-cors.org/ # http://www.w3.org/TR/cors/ # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Cross-origin images | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Send the CORS header for images when browsers request it. # # https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTML/CORS_enabled_image # https://blog.chromium.org/2011/07/using-cross-domain-images-in-webgl-and.html <IfModule mod_setenvif.c> <IfModule mod_headers.c> <FilesMatch "\.(bmp|cur|gif|ico|jpe?g|png|svgz?|webp)$"> SetEnvIf Origin ":" IS_CORS Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" env=IS_CORS </FilesMatch> </IfModule> </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Cross-origin web fonts | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Allow cross-origin access to web fonts. <IfModule mod_headers.c> <FilesMatch "\.(eot|otf|tt[cf]|woff2?)$"> Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" </FilesMatch> </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Cross-origin resource timing | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Allow cross-origin access to the timing information for all resources. # # If a resource isn't served with a `Timing-Allow-Origin` header that # would allow its timing information to be shared with the document, # some of the attributes of the `PerformanceResourceTiming` object will # be set to zero. # # http://www.w3.org/TR/resource-timing/ # http://www.stevesouders.com/blog/2014/08/21/resource-timing-practical-tips/ # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # Header set Timing-Allow-Origin: "*" # </IfModule> # ###################################################################### # # ERRORS # # ###################################################################### # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Custom error messages/pages | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Customize what Apache returns to the client in case of an error. # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/core.html#errordocument ErrorDocument 404 /404.html # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Error prevention | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Disable the pattern matching based on filenames. # # This setting prevents Apache from returning a 404 error as the result # of a rewrite when the directory with the same name does not exist. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/content-negotiation.html#multiviews Options -MultiViews # ###################################################################### # # INTERNET EXPLORER # # ###################################################################### # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Document modes | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Force Internet Explorer 8/9/10 to render pages in the highest mode # available in the various cases when it may not. # # https://hsivonen.fi/doctype/#ie8 # # (!) Starting with Internet Explorer 11, document modes are deprecated. # If your business still relies on older web apps and services that were # designed for older versions of Internet Explorer, you might want to # consider enabling `Enterprise Mode` throughout your company. # # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/bg182625.aspx#docmode # http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2014/04/02/stay-up-to-date-with-enterprise-mode-for-internet-explorer-11.aspx <IfModule mod_headers.c> Header set X-UA-Compatible "IE=edge" # `mod_headers` cannot match based on the content-type, however, # the `X-UA-Compatible` response header should be send only for # HTML documents and not for the other resources. <FilesMatch "\.(appcache|atom|bbaw|bmp|crx|css|cur|eot|f4[abpv]|flv|geojson|gif|htc|ico|jpe?g|js|json(ld)?|m4[av]|manifest|map|mp4|oex|og[agv]|opus|otf|pdf|png|rdf|rss|safariextz|svgz?|swf|topojson|tt[cf]|txt|vcard|vcf|vtt|webapp|web[mp]|woff2?|xloc|xml|xpi)$"> Header unset X-UA-Compatible </FilesMatch> </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Iframes cookies | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Allow cookies to be set from iframes in Internet Explorer. # # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms537343.aspx # http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/CR-P3P-20001215/ # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # Header set P3P "policyref=\"/w3c/p3p.xml\", CP=\"IDC DSP COR ADM DEVi TAIi PSA PSD IVAi IVDi CONi HIS OUR IND CNT\"" # </IfModule> # ###################################################################### # # MEDIA TYPES AND CHARACTER ENCODINGS # # ###################################################################### # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Media types | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Serve resources with the proper media types (f.k.a. MIME types). # # https://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/media-types.xhtml # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_mime.html#addtype <IfModule mod_mime.c> # Data interchange AddType application/json json map topojson AddType application/ld+json jsonld AddType application/vnd.geo+json geojson AddType application/xml atom rdf rss xml # JavaScript # Normalize to standard type. # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4329#section-7.2 AddType application/javascript js # Manifest files # If you are providing a web application manifest file (see # the specification: https://w3c.github.io/manifest/), it is # recommended that you serve it with the `application/manifest+json` # media type. # # Because the web application manifest file doesn't have its # own unique file extension, you can set its media type either # by matching: # # 1) the exact location of the file (this can be done using a # directive such as `<Location>`, but it will NOT work in # the `.htaccess` file, so you will have to do it in the main # server configuration file or inside of a `<VirtualHost>` # container) # # e.g.: # # <Location "/.well-known/manifest.json"> # AddType application/manifest+json json # </Location> # # 2) the filename (this can be problematic as you will need to # ensure that you don't have any other file with the same name # as the one you gave to your web application manifest file) # # e.g.: # # <Files "manifest.json"> # AddType application/manifest+json json # </Files> AddType application/x-web-app-manifest+json webapp AddType text/cache-manifest appcache manifest # Media files AddType audio/mp4 f4a f4b m4a AddType audio/ogg oga ogg opus AddType image/bmp bmp AddType image/webp webp AddType video/mp4 f4v f4p m4v mp4 AddType video/ogg ogv AddType video/webm webm AddType video/x-flv flv AddType image/svg+xml svg svgz # Serving `.ico` image files with a different media type # prevents Internet Explorer from displaying then as images: # https://github.com/h5bp/html5-boilerplate/commit/37b5fec090d00f38de64b591bcddcb205aadf8ee AddType image/x-icon cur ico # Web fonts AddType application/font-woff woff AddType application/font-woff2 woff2 AddType application/vnd.ms-fontobject eot # Browsers usually ignore the font media types and simply sniff # the bytes to figure out the font type. # https://mimesniff.spec.whatwg.org/#matching-a-font-type-pattern'>https://mimesniff.spec.whatwg.org/#matching-a-font-type-pattern # # However, Blink and WebKit based browsers will show a warning # in the console if the following font types are served with any # other media types. AddType application/x-font-ttf ttc ttf AddType font/opentype otf # Other AddType application/octet-stream safariextz AddType application/x-bb-appworld bbaw AddType application/x-chrome-extension crx AddType application/x-opera-extension oex AddType application/x-xpinstall xpi AddType text/vcard vcard vcf AddType text/vnd.rim.location.xloc xloc AddType text/vtt vtt AddType text/x-component htc </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Character encodings | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Serve all resources labeled as `text/html` or `text/plain` # with the media type `charset` parameter set to `UTF-8`. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/core.html#adddefaultcharset AddDefaultCharset utf-8 # - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - # Serve the following file types with the media type `charset` # parameter set to `UTF-8`. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_mime.html#addcharset <IfModule mod_mime.c> AddCharset utf-8 .atom \ .bbaw \ .css \ .geojson \ .js \ .json \ .jsonld \ .rdf \ .rss \ .topojson \ .vtt \ .webapp \ .xloc \ .xml </IfModule> # ###################################################################### # # REWRITES # # ###################################################################### # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Rewrite engine | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # (1) Turn on the rewrite engine (this is necessary in order for # the `RewriteRule` directives to work). # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html#RewriteEngine # # (2) Enable the `FollowSymLinks` option if it isn't already. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/core.html#options # # (3) If your web host doesn't allow the `FollowSymlinks` option, # you need to comment it out or remove it, and then uncomment # the `Options +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch` line (4), but be aware # of the performance impact. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/misc/perf-tuning.html#symlinks # # (4) Some cloud hosting services will require you set `RewriteBase`. # # http://www.rackspace.com/knowledge_center/frequently-asked-question/why-is-modrewrite-not-working-on-my-site # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html#rewritebase # # (5) Depending on how your server is set up, you may also need to # use the `RewriteOptions` directive to enable some options for # the rewrite engine. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html#rewriteoptions <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> # (1) RewriteEngine On # (2) Options +FollowSymlinks # (3) # Options +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch # (4) # RewriteBase / # (5) # RewriteOptions <options> </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Forcing `https://` | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Redirect from the `http://` to the `https://` version of the URL. # https://wiki.apache.org/httpd/RewriteHTTPToHTTPS # <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> # RewriteEngine On # RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on # RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Suppressing / Forcing the `www.` at the beginning of URLs | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # The same content should never be available under two different # URLs, especially not with and without `www.` at the beginning. # This can cause SEO problems (duplicate content), and therefore, # you should choose one of the alternatives and redirect the other # one. # # By default `Option 1` (no `www.`) is activated. # http://no-www.org/faq.php?q=class_b # # If you would prefer to use `Option 2`, just comment out all the # lines from `Option 1` and uncomment the ones from `Option 2`. # # (!) NEVER USE BOTH RULES AT THE SAME TIME! # - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - # Option 1: rewrite www.example.com → example.com <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.(.+)$ [NC] RewriteRule ^ http://%1%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L] </IfModule> # - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - # Option 2: rewrite example.com → www.example.com # # Be aware that the following might not be a good idea if you use "real" # subdomains for certain parts of your website. # <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> # RewriteEngine On # RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on # RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC] # RewriteCond %{SERVER_ADDR} !=127.0.0.1 # RewriteCond %{SERVER_ADDR} !=::1 # RewriteRule ^ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L] # </IfModule> # ###################################################################### # # SECURITY # # ###################################################################### # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Clickjacking | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Protect website against clickjacking. # # The example below sends the `X-Frame-Options` response header with # the value `DENY`, informing browsers not to display the content of # the web page in any frame. # # This might not be the best setting for everyone. You should read # about the other two possible values the `X-Frame-Options` header # field can have: `SAMEORIGIN` and `ALLOW-FROM`. # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7034#section-2.1.'>https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7034#section-2.1. # # Keep in mind that while you could send the `X-Frame-Options` header # for all of your website’s pages, this has the potential downside that # it forbids even non-malicious framing of your content (e.g.: when # users visit your website using a Google Image Search results page). # # Nonetheless, you should ensure that you send the `X-Frame-Options` # header for all pages that allow a user to make a state changing # operation (e.g: pages that contain one-click purchase links, checkout # or bank-transfer confirmation pages, pages that make permanent # configuration changes, etc.). # # Sending the `X-Frame-Options` header can also protect your website # against more than just clickjacking attacks: # https://cure53.de/xfo-clickjacking.pdf. # # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7034 # http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ieinternals/archive/2010/03/30/combating-clickjacking-with-x-frame-options.aspx # https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Clickjacking # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # Header set X-Frame-Options "DENY" # # `mod_headers` cannot match based on the content-type, however, # # the `X-Frame-Options` response header should be send only for # # HTML documents and not for the other resources. # <FilesMatch "\.(appcache|atom|bbaw|bmp|crx|css|cur|eot|f4[abpv]|flv|geojson|gif|htc|ico|jpe?g|js|json(ld)?|m4[av]|manifest|map|mp4|oex|og[agv]|opus|otf|pdf|png|rdf|rss|safariextz|svgz?|swf|topojson|tt[cf]|txt|vcard|vcf|vtt|webapp|web[mp]|woff2?|xloc|xml|xpi)$"> # Header unset X-Frame-Options # </FilesMatch> # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Content Security Policy (CSP) | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Mitigate the risk of cross-site scripting and other content-injection # attacks. # # This can be done by setting a `Content Security Policy` which # whitelists trusted sources of content for your website. # # The example header below allows ONLY scripts that are loaded from the # current website's origin (no inline scripts, no CDN, etc). That almost # certainly won't work as-is for your website! # # For more details on how to craft a reasonable policy for your website, # read: http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/security/content-security-policy/ # (or the specification: http://www.w3.org/TR/CSP11/). Also, to make # things easier, you can use an online CSP header generator such as: # http://cspisawesome.com/. # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # Header set Content-Security-Policy "script-src 'self'; object-src 'self'" # # `mod_headers` cannot match based on the content-type, however, # # the `Content-Security-Policy` response header should be send # # only for HTML documents and not for the other resources. # <FilesMatch "\.(appcache|atom|bbaw|bmp|crx|css|cur|eot|f4[abpv]|flv|geojson|gif|htc|ico|jpe?g|js|json(ld)?|m4[av]|manifest|map|mp4|oex|og[agv]|opus|otf|pdf|png|rdf|rss|safariextz|svgz?|swf|topojson|tt[cf]|txt|vcard|vcf|vtt|webapp|web[mp]|woff2?|xloc|xml|xpi)$"> # Header unset Content-Security-Policy # </FilesMatch> # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | File access | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Block access to directories without a default document. # # You should leave the following uncommented, as you shouldn't allow # anyone to surf through every directory on your server (which may # includes rather private places such as the CMS's directories). <IfModule mod_autoindex.c> Options -Indexes </IfModule> # - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - # Block access to all hidden files and directories with the exception of # the visible content from within the `/.well-known/` hidden directory. # # These types of files usually contain user preferences or the preserved # state of an utility, and can include rather private places like, for # example, the `.git` or `.svn` directories. # # The `/.well-known/` directory represents the standard (RFC 5785) path # prefix for "well-known locations" (e.g.: `/.well-known/manifest.json`, # `/.well-known/keybase.txt`), and therefore, access to its visible # content should not be blocked. # # https://www.mnot.net/blog/2010/04/07/well-known # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5785 <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} "!(^|/)\.well-known/([^./]+./?)+$" [NC] RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -d [OR] RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -f RewriteRule "(^|/)\." - [F] </IfModule> # - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - # Block access to files that can expose sensitive information. # # By default, block access to backup and source files that may be # left by some text editors and can pose a security risk when anyone # has access to them. # # http://feross.org/cmsploit/ # # (!) Update the `<FilesMatch>` regular expression from below to # include any files that might end up on your production server and # can expose sensitive information about your website. These files may # include: configuration files, files that contain metadata about the # project (e.g.: project dependencies), build scripts, etc.. <FilesMatch "(^#.*#|\.(bak|conf|dist|fla|in[ci]|log|psd|sh|sql|sw[op])|~)$"> # Apache < 2.3 <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c> Order allow,deny Deny from all Satisfy All </IfModule> # Apache ≥ 2.3 <IfModule mod_authz_core.c> Require all denied </IfModule> </FilesMatch> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Force client-side SSL redirection. # # If a user types `example.com` in their browser, even if the server # redirects them to the secure version of the website, that still leaves # a window of opportunity (the initial HTTP connection) for an attacker # to downgrade or redirect the request. # # The following header ensures that browser will ONLY connect to your # server via HTTPS, regardless of what the users type in the browser's # address bar. # # (!) Remove the `includeSubDomains` optional directive if the website's # subdomains are not using HTTPS. # # http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/security/transport-layer-security/ # https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-websec-strict-transport-sec-14#section-6.1 # http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ieinternals/archive/2014/08/18/hsts-strict-transport-security-attacks-mitigations-deployment-https.aspx # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # Header set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=16070400; includeSubDomains" # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Reducing MIME type security risks | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Prevent some browsers from MIME-sniffing the response. # # This reduces exposure to drive-by download attacks and cross-origin # data leaks, and should be left uncommented, especially if the server # is serving user-uploaded content or content that could potentially be # treated as executable by the browser. # # http://www.slideshare.net/hasegawayosuke/owasp-hasegawa # http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2008/07/02/ie8-security-part-v-comprehensive-protection.aspx # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/gg622941.aspx # https://mimesniff.spec.whatwg.org/ <IfModule mod_headers.c> Header set X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff" </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Reflected Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # (1) Try to re-enable the cross-site scripting (XSS) filter built # into most web browsers. # # The filter is usually enabled by default, but in some cases it # may be disabled by the user. However, in Internet Explorer for # example, it can be re-enabled just by sending the # `X-XSS-Protection` header with the value of `1`. # # (2) Prevent web browsers from rendering the web page if a potential # reflected (a.k.a non-persistent) XSS attack is detected by the # filter. # # By default, if the filter is enabled and browsers detect a # reflected XSS attack, they will attempt to block the attack # by making the smallest possible modifications to the returned # web page. # # Unfortunately, in some browsers (e.g.: Internet Explorer), # this default behavior may allow the XSS filter to be exploited, # thereby, it's better to inform browsers to prevent the rendering # of the page altogether, instead of attempting to modify it. # # http://hackademix.net/2009/11/21/ies-xss-filter-creates-xss-vulnerabilities # # (!) Do not rely on the XSS filter to prevent XSS attacks! Ensure that # you are taking all possible measures to prevent XSS attacks, the # most obvious being: validating and sanitizing your website's inputs. # # http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2008/07/02/ie8-security-part-iv-the-xss-filter.aspx # http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ieinternals/archive/2011/01/31/controlling-the-internet-explorer-xss-filter-with-the-x-xss-protection-http-header.aspx # https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Cross-site_Scripting_%28XSS%29 # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # # (1) (2) # Header set X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block" # # `mod_headers` cannot match based on the content-type, however, # # the `X-XSS-Protection` response header should be send only for # # HTML documents and not for the other resources. # <FilesMatch "\.(appcache|atom|bbaw|bmp|crx|css|cur|eot|f4[abpv]|flv|geojson|gif|htc|ico|jpe?g|js|json(ld)?|m4[av]|manifest|map|mp4|oex|og[agv]|opus|otf|pdf|png|rdf|rss|safariextz|svgz?|swf|topojson|tt[cf]|txt|vcard|vcf|vtt|webapp|web[mp]|woff2?|xloc|xml|xpi)$"> # Header unset X-XSS-Protection # </FilesMatch> # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Server software information | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Prevent Apache from sending in the `Server` response header its # exact version number, the description of the generic OS-type or # information about its compiled-in modules. # # (!) The `ServerTokens` directive will only work in the main server # configuration file, so don't try to enable it in the `.htaccess` file! # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/core.html#servertokens # ServerTokens Prod # ###################################################################### # # WEB PERFORMANCE # # ###################################################################### # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Compression | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- <IfModule mod_deflate.c> # Force compression for mangled `Accept-Encoding` request headers # https://developer.yahoo.com/blogs/ydn/pushing-beyond-gzipping-25601.html <IfModule mod_setenvif.c> <IfModule mod_headers.c> SetEnvIfNoCase ^(Accept-EncodXng|X-cept-Encoding|X{15}|~{15}|-{15})$ ^((gzip|deflate)\s*,?\s*)+|[X~-]{4,13}$ HAVE_Accept-Encoding RequestHeader append Accept-Encoding "gzip,deflate" env=HAVE_Accept-Encoding </IfModule> </IfModule> # - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - # Compress all output labeled with one of the following media types. # # (!) For Apache versions below version 2.3.7 you don't need to # enable `mod_filter` and can remove the `<IfModule mod_filter.c>` # and `</IfModule>` lines as `AddOutputFilterByType` is still in # the core directives. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_filter.html#addoutputfilterbytype <IfModule mod_filter.c> AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE "application/atom+xml" \ "application/javascript" \ "application/json" \ "application/ld+json" \ "application/manifest+json" \ "application/rdf+xml" \ "application/rss+xml" \ "application/schema+json" \ "application/vnd.geo+json" \ "application/vnd.ms-fontobject" \ "application/x-font-ttf" \ "application/x-javascript" \ "application/x-web-app-manifest+json" \ "application/xhtml+xml" \ "application/xml" \ "font/eot" \ "font/opentype" \ "image/bmp" \ "image/svg+xml" \ "image/vnd.microsoft.icon" \ "image/x-icon" \ "text/cache-manifest" \ "text/css" \ "text/html" \ "text/javascript" \ "text/plain" \ "text/vcard" \ "text/vnd.rim.location.xloc" \ "text/vtt" \ "text/x-component" \ "text/x-cross-domain-policy" \ "text/xml" </IfModule> # - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - # Map the following filename extensions to the specified # encoding type in order to make Apache serve the file types # with the appropriate `Content-Encoding` response header # (do note that this will NOT make Apache compress them!). # # If these files types would be served without an appropriate # `Content-Enable` response header, client applications (e.g.: # browsers) wouldn't know that they first need to uncompress # the response, and thus, wouldn't be able to understand the # content. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_mime.html#addencoding <IfModule mod_mime.c> AddEncoding gzip svgz </IfModule> </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Content transformation | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Prevent intermediate caches or proxies (e.g.: such as the ones # used by mobile network providers) from modifying the website's # content. # # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616#section-14.9.5 # # (!) If you are using `mod_pagespeed`, please note that setting # the `Cache-Control: no-transform` response header will prevent # `PageSpeed` from rewriting `HTML` files, and, if the # `ModPagespeedDisableRewriteOnNoTransform` directive isn't set # to `off`, also from rewriting other resources. # # https://developers.google.com/speed/pagespeed/module/configuration#notransform # <IfModule mod_headers.c> # Header merge Cache-Control "no-transform" # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | ETags | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Remove `ETags` as resources are sent with far-future expires headers. # # https://developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#etags # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7232#section-2.3 # `FileETag None` doesn't work in all cases. <IfModule mod_headers.c> Header unset ETag </IfModule> FileETag None # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Expires headers | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Serve resources with far-future expires headers. # # (!) If you don't control versioning with filename-based # cache busting, you should consider lowering the cache times # to something like one week. # # https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_expires.html <IfModule mod_expires.c> ExpiresActive on ExpiresDefault "access plus 1 month" # CSS ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 1 year" # Data interchange ExpiresByType application/atom+xml "access plus 1 hour" ExpiresByType application/rdf+xml "access plus 1 hour" ExpiresByType application/rss+xml "access plus 1 hour" ExpiresByType application/json "access plus 0 seconds" ExpiresByType application/ld+json "access plus 0 seconds" ExpiresByType application/schema+json "access plus 0 seconds" ExpiresByType application/vnd.geo+json "access plus 0 seconds" ExpiresByType application/xml "access plus 0 seconds" ExpiresByType text/xml "access plus 0 seconds" # Favicon (cannot be renamed!) and cursor images ExpiresByType image/vnd.microsoft.icon "access plus 1 week" ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access plus 1 week" # HTML ExpiresByType text/html "access plus 0 seconds" # JavaScript ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 1 year" ExpiresByType application/x-javascript "access plus 1 year" ExpiresByType text/javascript "access plus 1 year" # Manifest files ExpiresByType application/manifest+json "access plus 1 year" ExpiresByType application/x-web-app-manifest+json "access plus 0 seconds" ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest "access plus 0 seconds" # Media files ExpiresByType audio/ogg "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType image/bmp "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType video/mp4 "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType video/ogg "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType video/webm "access plus 1 month" # Web fonts # Embedded OpenType (EOT) ExpiresByType application/vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType font/eot "access plus 1 month" # OpenType ExpiresByType font/opentype "access plus 1 month" # TrueType ExpiresByType application/x-font-ttf "access plus 1 month" # Web Open Font Format (WOFF) 1.0 ExpiresByType application/font-woff "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff "access plus 1 month" ExpiresByType font/woff "access plus 1 month" # Web Open Font Format (WOFF) 2.0 ExpiresByType application/font-woff2 "access plus 1 month" # Other ExpiresByType text/x-cross-domain-policy "access plus 1 week" </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | File concatenation | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # Allow concatenation from within specific files. # # e.g.: # # If you have the following lines in a file called, for # example, `main.combined.js`: # # <!--#include file="js/jquery.js" --> # <!--#include file="js/jquery.timer.js" --> # # Apache will replace those lines with the content of the # specified files. # <IfModule mod_include.c> # <FilesMatch "\.combined\.js$"> # Options +Includes # AddOutputFilterByType INCLUDES application/javascript \ # application/x-javascript \ # text/javascript # SetOutputFilter INCLUDES # </FilesMatch> # <FilesMatch "\.combined\.css$"> # Options +Includes # AddOutputFilterByType INCLUDES text/css # SetOutputFilter INCLUDES # </FilesMatch> # </IfModule> # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # | Filename-based cache busting | # ---------------------------------------------------------------------- # If you're not using a build process to manage your filename version # revving, you might want to consider enabling the following directives # to route all requests such as `/style.12345.css` to `/style.css`. # # To understand why this is important and even a better solution than # using something like `*.css?v231`, please see: # http://www.stevesouders.com/blog/2008/08/23/revving-filenames-dont-use-querystring/ # <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> # RewriteEngine On # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f # RewriteRule ^(.+)\.(\d+)\.(bmp|css|cur|gif|ico|jpe?g|js|png|svgz?|webp)$ $1.$3 [L] # </IfModule> #AddHandler application/x-httpd-php .html .htm .js Редирект с site.ru/brand/product на site.ru/product: #RewriteRule (.*)/(.*) http://site.ru/$2? [R=301,L] RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^/product&manufacturer_id=\[0-9]/product_id=\[0-9]$ RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://site.ru/product_id=\[0-9]$2? [R=301,L]
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